Disruption of splicing patterns due to mutations of genes coding splicing factors in tumors represents a potential source of tumor neo-antigens, which would be both public (shared between patients) and tumor-specific (not expressed in normal tissues). In this study, we show that mutations of the splicing factor SF3B1 in uveal melanoma (UM) generate such immunogenic neo-antigens. Memory CD8+ T cells specific for these neo-antigens are preferentially found in 20% of UM patients bearing SF3B1 mutated tumors. Single cell analyses of neo-epitope specific T cells from the blood identified large clonal T cell expansions, with distinct effector transcription patterns. Some of these expanded TCRs are also present in the corresponding tumors. CD8+ T cell clones specific for the neo-epitopes specifically recognize and kill SF3B1-mutated tumor cells, supporting the use of this new family of neo-antigens as therapeutic targets.
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